Tag Archives: décidé

Le parti de Blé Goudé suspend sa participation aux législatives ivoiriennes

Le Cojep, le parti de Blé Goudé, a décidé lundi de se retirer des plateformes de l’opposition ivoirienne et de suspendre sa participation aux législatives du 6 mars 2021 avec la Coalition citoyenne la voix du peuple au sein de la CDRP (coalition opposition), dans une déclaration.

« Le Cojep et La voix du peuple (….) suspendent leur participation aux activités liées aux élections législatives tant au sein de la CDRP (Coalition pour la démocratie la réconciliation et la paix) qu’avec les plateformes de l’opposition », indique la déclaration signée de Patrice Saraka, secrétaire général du Cojep et président intérimaire de La voix du peuple.

Selon la déclaration « le Cojep (Congrès panafricain pour la justice et l’égalité des peuples) se soustrait de tout engagement au sein de la CDRP et reconsidère sa collaboration avec ladite coalition dès publication du présent communiqué ».

Le parti de Blé Goudé et La voix du peuple « entendent poursuivre et renforcer leur tournée de compassion, de solidarité, d’écoute et de consultation des populations afin de définir avec elle ses priorités », souligne la déclaration.

En outre, le Cojep et ses partenaires de La voix du peuple réclament « le report des élections législatives pour sauver des vies humaines », car « mieux vaut consacrer du temps pour discuter de tous les sujets qui divisent dans le cadre d’assises nationales inclusives plutôt que de consacrer du temps à compter des morts et à panser les meurtrissures et les blessures ».

Pour le Cojep, les Ivoiriens ont droit à la vérité concernant les actions engagées par la plate-forme de l’opposition lors de la présidentielle du 31 octobre 2020 et qui n’ont « pas produit les résultats escomptés » avec la désobéissance civile et le Conseil national de transition (CNT).

« Et pourtant le vaillant peuple de Côte d’ivoire aura tout donné; les Ivoiriens ont bravé les microbes et autres miliciens pour exprimer leur désir de voir la Côte d’Ivoire être gouvernée autrement », s’insurge le Cojep.

Face à cette situation, le COJEP et la coalition citoyenne La voix du peuple souhaitent que l’opposition ivoirienne « se repense à travers une introspection profonde et qu’elle réinvente les meilleures approches pour rassurer à nouveau le peuple et lui redonner espoir ».

Par ailleurs, un tel exercice aurait pu se faire au cours d’une rencontre- bilan, soutiennent le Cojep et La voix du peuple qui dénoncent un dialogue politique « aux pas de course centré encore une fois, uniquement sur la question électorale ».

Ils dénoncent un « dialogue dominé par la philosophie du partage, des arrangements, au mépris et au détriment des intérêts fondamentaux des Ivoiriens qui pourtant continuent de payer un lourd tribu des incohérences politiques devenues monnaie courante dans le pays ».

« Aujourd’hui, nous dénonçons un processus électoral précipité et biaisé à tous les niveaux et qui est guidé par la même philosophie du partage et par une volonté hégémonique et expansionniste », poursuit la déclaration.

M. Blé Goudé, co-accusé dans l’affaire de crimes contre l’humanité perpétrés lors des violences postélectorales ivoiriennes de 2010-2011, mis en liberté conditionnelle par la Cour pénale internationale (CPI), se trouve actuellement à La Haye.


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Author: bamada.net

Police command structure crumbled fast during Capitol riot

WASHINGTON (AP) — As the rioters stormed the U.S. Capitol, many of the police officers had to decide on their own how to fight them off. There was no direction. No plan. And no top leadership.

One cop ran from one side of the building to another, fighting hand-to-hand against rioters. Another decided to respond to any calls of officers in distress and spent three hours helping cops who had been immobilized by bear spray or other chemicals.

Three officers were able to handcuff one rioter. But a crowd swarmed the group and took the arrested man away with the handcuffs still on.

Interviews with four members of the U.S. Capitol Police who were overrun by rioters on Jan. 6 show just how quickly the command structure collapsed as throngs of people, egged on by President Donald Trump, set upon the Capitol. The officers spoke on condition of anonymity because the department has threatened to suspend anyone who speaks to the media.

“We were on our own,” one of the officers told The Associated Press. “Totally on our own.”

The officers who spoke to the AP said they were given next to no warning by leadership on the morning of Jan. 6 about what would become a growing force of thousands of rioters, many better armed than the officers themselves were. And once the riot began, they were given no instructions by the department’s leaders on how to stop the mob or rescue lawmakers who had barricaded themselves inside. There were only enough officers for a routine day.

Three officers told the AP they did not hear Chief Steven Sund on the radio the entire afternoon. It turned out he was sheltering with Vice President Mike Pence in a secure location for some of the siege. Sund resigned the next day.

His assistant chief, Yogananda Pittman, who is now interim chief, was heard over the radio telling the force to “lock the building down,” with no further instructions, two officers said.

One specific order came from Lt. Tarik Johnson, who told officers not to use deadly force outside the building as the rioters descended, the officers recounted. The order almost certainly prevented deaths and more chaos, but it meant officers didn’t pull their weapons and were fighting back with fists and batons.

Johnson has been suspended after being captured on video wearing a “Make America Great Again” hat while moving through crowds of rioters. Johnson told colleagues he wore the hat as a tactic to gain the crowd’s confidence as he tried to reach other officers who were pinned down by rioters, one of the officers said. A video of the incident obtained by the Wall Street Journal shows Johnson asking rioters for help in getting his colleagues.

Johnson, who could not be reached for comment, was heard by an officer on the radio repeatedly asking, “Does anybody have a plan?”

___

The Capitol Police has more than 2,300 staff and a budget that’s grown rapidly over the last two decades to roughly $500 million, making it larger than many major metro police departments. Minneapolis, for example, has 840 officers and a $176 million budget.

Despite plenty of online warnings of a possible insurrection and ample resources and time to prepare, the Capitol Police planned only for a free speech demonstration on Jan. 6.

They rejected offers of support from the Pentagon three days before the siege, according to senior defense officials and two people familiar with the matter. And during the riot, they turned down an offer by the Justice Department to have FBI agents come in as reinforcements. The officials spoke to the AP on condition of anonymity to discuss the decision-making process.

The riot left five people dead, including Capitol Police Officer Brian Sicknick, who was hit in the head by a fire extinguisher. Another officer died in an apparent suicide after the attack.

The attack has forced a reckoning among law enforcement agencies. Federal watchdogs launched a sweeping review of how the FBI, the Pentagon and other agencies responded to the riot, including whether there were failures in information sharing and other preparations that left the historic symbol of democracy vulnerable to assault.

Top decision-makers have offered differing explanations for why they didn’t have enough personnel.

Sund told The Washington Post that he was worried about the possibility for violence and wanted to bring in the National Guard, but the House and Senate sergeants at arms refused his request. To bring in the Guard, the sergeants at arms would have had to ask congressional leaders.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s deputy chief of staff, Drew Hammill, said congressional leaders had not been informed of any request for the National Guard before the day of the riot. The office of Sen. Mitch McConnell, the Republican leader, declined to comment.

It’s not clear why the threat was not taken more seriously.

John Donohue, a 32-year veteran of the New York Police Department who advises the Capitol Police on intelligence matters, sent a memo on Jan. 3 warning of the potential for an attack on Congress from the pro-Trump crowd, according to two law enforcement officials with knowledge of the memo first reported by The Washington Post. They spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the internal memo.

Donohue was well-versed in the extremist threat. At a congressional hearing in July, before he starting advising the Capitol Police, Donohue told lawmakers the federal government needed a system to better monitor social media for domestic extremists.

“America is at a crossroads,” he said in his testimony. “The intersection of constitutional rights and legitimate law enforcement has never been more at risk by domestic actors as it is now as seditionists actively promote a revolution.”

Tens of thousands of National Guard members have now been called to secure the Capitol in advance of the inauguration of President-elect Joe Biden on Wednesday.

A spokeswoman for Capitol Police did not respond to questions Friday.

___

For major events, the Capitol Police normally holds meetings to brief officers on their responsibilities and plans in case of an emergency. Three of the officers interviewed by the AP said there were no meetings on or before Jan. 6. It’s also unclear whether the department held over its overnight shift or called in more officers early to help those who would be on duty that day.

“During the 4th of July concerts and the Memorial Day concerts, we don’t have people come up and say, ‘We’re going to seize the Capitol,‘” one officer said. “But yet, you bring everybody in, you meet before. That never happened for this event.”

Another officer said he was only told that morning to pick up a riot helmet. He said he had training on dealing with large crowds, but not on how to handle a riot.

“We were under the impression it was just going to be a lot of yelling, cursing,” he said.

As Trump called on his supporters to go to the Capitol, telling them to “fight like hell,” members of the House and Senate were inside the building to certify Biden’s victory over Trump in the Electoral College.

Crowds of Trump supporters, many of them linked to far-right or white supremacist groups, began gathering on both sides of the Capitol.

An officer working the western front of the building, which faces the White House and where risers were set up for the inauguration, quickly realized that the crowds were not peaceful. The rioters began breaking down short fences and systematically clipping off “Area Closed” signs, the officer said.

Videos from the event show the crowd climbing the walls on the western side and eventually breaching the building.

One officer listed the various weapons used to hit him and people near him: batons, flagpoles, sections of fencing, batteries, rubber bullets and canisters of bear spray that went further than the chemicals the officers themselves had. Some of the rioters showed their badges from other law enforcement agencies, claiming they were on the side of the Capitol Police, the officer said.

Most of the insurrectionists left without being arrested, which officers who spoke to the AP say was because it was next to impossible to arrest them given how badly the force was outnumbered. That was underscored by the rioters taking away a man who officers had tried to arrest inside the Capitol.

“The group came and snatched him and took him away in cuffs,” one officer said. “Outside of shooting people, what are you supposed to do?”

___

Merchant reported from Houston.


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Sanofi : 400 postes menacés dans la recherche et le développement

En retard dans la course au vaccin contre le Covid-19, le groupe pharmaceutique Sanofi a décidé de supprimer 400 postes dans la recherche et développement.

Ce lundi 18 janvier au micro de France Inter, les syndicats CGT-Sanofi ont révélé que le groupe Sanofi a l’intention de supprimer 400 postes dans la branche de recherche et développement de son secteur pharmaceutique.

« Les propos même du directeur général étaient formels : 400 suppressions de poste dans la R&D pharmaceutique en France », certifie Thierry Bodin, délégué CGT-Sanofi à nos confrères, « et clairement, ce n’est pas acceptable ».

« Sanofi ne cesse de perdre des compétences »

« C’est notre ADN qu’on dissout petit à petit », poursuit-il en ajoutant que ces suppressions de postes « sont inquiétantes » alors que l’entreprise est en retard dans la course mondiale aux vaccins contre le coronavirus. « Sanofi ne cesse de perdre des compétences. Regardez ce qu’il se passe sur le vaccin, là aussi ! Les pertes d’expertises qu’on a eues ces dernières années on les paie cash », explique-t-il sur France Inter.

Le mois de juin 2020, la direction du géant pharmaceutique français avait annoncé un plan de suppression de 1700 postes en Europe dont plus de 1000 en France, rappellent les syndicats. D’après France Info, la direction n’a néanmoins pas confirmé ce chiffre.

Appel à la grève mardi

Le groupe Sanofi, qui marque un retard dans la livraison du vaccin contre le virus chinois, va-t-il vraiment supprimer 400 postes dans sa branche recherche et développement en France ?

La CGT a lancé un appel à débrayer mardi pour protester contre ces suppressions d’emplois et pour la hausse de salaires.

Nouvel Horizon – Covid-19 : Des médecins indépendants proposent un plan B

Le saviez-vous ?

Epoch Times est un média indépendant, différent des autres organisations médiatiques. Nous ne sommes influencés par aucun gouvernement, entreprise ou parti politique. Notre objectif est d’apporter à nos lecteurs des informations factuelles et précises, en étant responsables envers notre lectorat. Nous n’avons d’autre intention que celle d’informer nos lecteurs et de les laisser se faire leur propre opinion, en utilisant comme ligne directrice les principes de vérité et de tradition.


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Author: Suzanne Durand

Elle renonce à la caféine et raconte comment cela a changé sa vie

Un café


©
CC0 / Christoph

La journaliste américaine Jen Glantz a décidé d’arrêter de consommer des boissons contenant de la caféine pendant deux semaines et cette décision a changé sa vie, selon un article publié sur Insider. Elle assure prendre trois tasses d’eau avec du citron au lieu de son café matinal et décrit les effets bienfaisants qu’elle a ressentis.

En remplaçant son café par trois tasses d’eau avec du citron, une journaliste américaine a assuré dans un article publié sur Insider que sa santé avait changé pour le mieux.

Jen Glantz a expliqué qu’elle avait commencé à consommer beaucoup de café depuis qu’elle travaille à distance en raison du confinement. Au fur et à mesure, elle en a bu régulièrement jusqu’à trois tasses par jour. Elle a pourtant constaté que la caféine avait commencé à lui provoquer des insomnies et qu’elle se sentait mal à cause de l’augmentation de son rythme cardiaque, ce qui a entraîné stress et dépression.

Selon Giuseppe Aragona, médecin généraliste, une telle dépendance à la caféine n’est pas durable à long terme.

«Imaginez votre corps comme vos finances. Le faire fonctionner avec de la caféine est la même chose que survivre avec des cartes de crédit. Finalement, la banque, votre corps dans ce cas, voudra encaisser, et cela rend beaucoup plus probable pour vous de devenir léthargique, de perdre en concentration», a-t-il expliqué à Insider.

Une décision prise

Alors, la journaliste a décidé de faire une expérience: arrêter toutes les boissons avec de la caféine pendant deux semaines. En abandonnant le café le matin et en le remplaçant par trois tasses d’eau avec du citron, la journaliste admet être étonnée par les changements. Au début, l’absence de caféine lui a donné envie de dormir pendant la journée, mais plus tard, elle a pu s’adapter et l’éviter. Elle a expliqué aussi boire des sodas décaféinés le midi et du thé décaféiné le soir.

Sept jours après l’abandon des boissons avec de la caféine, l’anxiété et la somnolence sont parties et ont été remplacées par l’envie de se promener et de faire du sport.


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Elle renonce à la caféine et décrit comment cela a changé sa vie

Un café


©
CC0 / Christoph

La journaliste américaine Jen Glantz a décidé d’arrêter de consommer des boissons contenant de la caféine pendant deux semaines et cette décision a changé sa vie, selon un article publié sur Insider. Elle assure prendre trois tasses d’eau avec du citron au lieu de son café matinal et décrit les effets bienfaisants qu’elle a ressentis.

En remplaçant son café par trois tasses d’eau avec du citron, une journaliste américaine a assuré dans un article publié sur Insider que sa santé avait changé pour le mieux.

Jen Glantz a expliqué qu’elle avait commencé à consommer beaucoup de café depuis qu’elle travaille à distance en raison du confinement. Au fur et à mesure, elle en a bu régulièrement jusqu’à trois tasses par jour. Elle a pourtant constaté que la caféine avait commencé à lui provoquer des insomnies et qu’elle se sentait mal à cause de l’augmentation de son rythme cardiaque, ce qui a entraîné stress et dépression.

Selon Giuseppe Aragona, médecin généraliste, une telle dépendance à la caféine n’est pas durable à long terme.

«Imaginez votre corps comme vos finances. Le faire fonctionner avec de la caféine est la même chose que survivre avec des cartes de crédit. Finalement, la banque, votre corps dans ce cas, voudra encaisser, et cela rend beaucoup plus probable pour vous de devenir léthargique, de perdre en concentration», a-t-il expliqué à Insider.

Une décision prise

Alors, la journaliste a décidé de faire une expérience: arrêter toutes les boissons avec de la caféine pendant deux semaines. En abandonnant le café le matin et en le remplaçant par trois tasses d’eau avec du citron, la journaliste admet être étonnée par les changements. Au début, l’absence de caféine lui a donné envie de dormir pendant la journée, mais plus tard, elle a pu s’adapter et l’éviter. Elle a expliqué aussi boire des sodas décaféinés le midi et du thé décaféiné le soir.

Sept jours après l’abandon des boissons avec de la caféine, l’anxiété et la somnolence sont parties et ont été remplacées par l’envie de se promener et de faire du sport.


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Un cambrioleur se fait interpeller en revenant sur les lieux de son forfait

A moto (image d'illustration)


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CC0 / farioff

Alors que l’auteur présumé d’un cambriolage d’une boutique de téléphonie lyonnaise a décidé de retourner sur les lieux, il a été interpellé par la police ce samedi 16 janvier, relate Le Progrès.

Avertie d’un cambriolage dans un magasin de téléphonie, la police est arrivée sur les lieux ce samedi 16 janvier, relate Le Progrès.

Il a été établi que l’auteur présumé des faits avait pris la fuite sur une moto qui s’est avérée volée, selon son numéro d’immatriculation. Or, alors que les forces de l’ordre étaient en train de faire les constatations concernant le larcin, elles ont vu le suspect les approcher au guidon du deux-roues en question.

Visiblement venu en découdre, le suspect a été maîtrisé par les forces de l’ordre. L’homme interpellé est un trentenaire déjà connu des services de police, précise le quotidien régional. Il a été précédemment arrêté pour recel de vol, vol avec effraction, ainsi que des violences.


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Partage de données : sous le feu des critiques, WhatsApp suspend ses modifications

Publié le :

La plateforme de messagerie mobile WhatsApp a décidé vendredi de décaler de trois mois l’entrée en vigueur de ses nouvelles conditions d’utilisation, après une vague de critiques exprimées par ses utilisateurs qui craignent pour la protection de leurs données personnelles.

Publicité

WhatsApp plie devant le tollé. La plateforme a annoncé vendredi 15 janvier avoir repoussé de trois mois le changement de ses conditions d’utilisation après les craintes exprimées par de nombreux utilisateurs de voir le service de messagerie mobile partager des données confidentielles avec sa maison mère, Facebook. 

“Nous retardons désormais la date à laquelle les utilisateurs devront relire et accepter les conditions”, a indiqué l’entreprise dans un article de blog. Les modifications, qui devaient entrer en vigueur le 8 février, ne seront plus effectives qu’à partir du 15 mai. 

WhatsApp a assuré que la mise à jour ne “renforcerait pas notre capacité à partager des données avec Facebook”, mais était avant tout destinée à aider des entreprises à mieux communiquer avec leurs clients via la plateforme.  

Confusion et désinformation

“Nous savons qu’il y a eu de la confusion et de la désinformation à propos de cette mise à jour, et nous voulons aider tout le monde à comprendre nos principes et les faits”, a défendu l’entreprise. 

Les conversations WhatsApp continueront d’être chiffrées de bout en bout et ni Facebook ni WhatsApp n’auront la possibilité de voir ces messages privés, assure la compagnie. 

L’annonce de la mise à jour la semaine dernière avait semé la panique et provoqué la colère de nombreux utilisateurs, qui s’alarmaient de l’abandon des valeurs fondatrices de WhatsApp. L’application a notamment bâti sa réputation sur la protection des données. 

Enquête 

La plateforme avait tenté de calmer l’incendie à coups d’annonces rassurantes et de campagnes publicitaires, mais des services concurrents, comme Signal et Telegram, ont pu profiter de la confusion et vu leurs téléchargements s’envoler sur l’Apple Store et Google Play dans plusieurs pays. 

De son côté, l’Autorité de la concurrence en Turquie a annoncé lundi l’ouverture d’une enquête contre WhatsApp et Facebook, réclamant la suspension de la mise à jour. 

Avec AFP


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Author: FRANCE 24

Kinshasa : les marchands s’expriment sur la décision de fermeture du marché central (Zando)

Le gouvernement de la ville province de Kinshasa a décidé de fermer le marché central de Kinshasa pour assurer « des travaux de réhabilitation », à partir du 20 janvier prochain. Face à cette décision, les vendeurs sont catégoriques, ils ne veulent pas que leur lieu de travail soit fermé, pour n’importe quelle raison. Ils se sont exprimés à ACTUALITE.CD.

Jean-Claude Mabasi, la cinquantaine, vendeur des valises

« Moi je pense que c’est une guerre entre le gouverneur et le syndicat du grand marché. Il avait remis la gestion du marché au syndicat, maintenant il ne laisse pas l’espace au syndicat de travailler. Nous venons d’un long confinement, maintenant si le marché va encore être fermé, où irons-nous ? Nous payons par jour une taxe de 300 FC pour la salubrité, mais le gouverneur ne veut pas que les immondices soient évacuées du marché. C’est un problème entre lui et ses partenaires libanais, nous ne devons pas en subir les conséquences. Qu’on nous laisse notre marché, pour que nous travaillons en paix ».

Julienne Masengo, sexagénaire, vendeuse des bijoux

« J’ai commencé à vendre ici depuis les années 74, et je n’ai jamais vu ces genres des choses. Pourquoi vouloir fermer le marché ? Nous ne vivons que de ce marché. J’ai fait étudier mes enfants par ce marché, maintenant, à mon âge, je vais faire quoi si on ferme le  marché, je vais aller où ? Qu’on nous laisse vendre. Si c’est à cause de l’insalubrité, on paye des taxes pour ça chaque jour, pourquoi n’est pas mettre de la propreté ici avec cet argent ? Qu’ils ferment alors tous les marchés de Kinshasa, parce qu’il y a de la saleté partout là, peut être pire qu’ici ».

Joel Atenda, la trentaine, vendeurs des dentelles

« Je regrette totalement ce qui se passe pour le marché central. Nous sommes près d’un tiers des congolais à travailler ici, on ne devrait pas se réveiller un matin et entendre qu’on va fermer notre lieu de travail, ces genres des nouvelles on y prépare en avance les gens. Le gouverneur ne devrait pas diriger une grande province comme Kinshasa comme sa famille, ce n’est pas responsable de sa part. Il va tuer les gens ici, avec sa décision. Le marché central n’est pas le seul à avoir besoin de l’assainissement, mais pourquoi il ne va pas ailleurs, je commence à croire qu’il a un problème particulier avec la fermeture de ce marché ».

Solange, la quarantaine révolue, vendeuse des tissus

« On apprend seulement que le marché sera fermé pour la salubrité. Nous avons été confinés ici plusieurs mois et on a dit que le marché sera construit et modernisé, lorsque nous sommes revenus, il n’y avait même pas un seul pavillon qui a été aménagé, et maintenant on revient avec cette histoire. Les immondices qui sont au marché viennent du dehors, parce qu’au marché nous nous sommes organisés pour que nos immondices soient acheminées dans des endroits appropriés, mais le gouverneur Ngobila a bloqué les engins qui venaient prendre la saleté là, elle entre plus, pour qu’ensuite, qu’il trouve une raison de fermer le marché, on ne va pas l’accepter ».

Dans un communiqué du ministre provincial de l’intérieur, Sam Leka, la mesure est prise en application de la décision du gouverneur Gentiny Ngobila du 11 janvier 2020 portant fermeture du marché central de Kinshasa et relocalisation temporaire des ses structures. Les commerçants ont jusqu’au 20 janvier pour se relocaliser vers des structures temporaires érigées sur l’avenue de Libération Ex-24 novembre, Itaga, Kanyinda et Kalembelembe.

Thérèse Ntumba


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Author: cleas

These States Could Outlaw Transgender Teens’ Access to Healthcare and Sports

Montana legislators are preparing to decide whether the state should discriminate against its young trans population.

If passed into law, HB 112 would prevent interscholastic athletes from participating in athletic activities consistent with their gender identity, while HB 113 would enshrine an effective ban on physical and mental healthcare for trans youth, including banning the use of puberty blockers, while punishing and fining doctors who treat young trans people.

Both bills were introduced by Rep. John Fuller, who has not returned The Daily Beast’s requests for comment. “Fuller says he finds it wrong for young people to go through these types of medical procedures, some of which are irreversible, when they’re so young,” Montana Public Radio reported.

Montana is not alone; 12 other states (so far) have recently crafted similar bills to be debated and perhaps passed into law, specifically targeting young trans people’s access to healthcare and playing sports.

More than 150 Montana businesses have so far signed on to a letter protesting against the proposed laws.

“As business leaders in Montana, we value full inclusion of the LGBTQ community, and the rights LBGTQ people deserve as students, employees, patrons, and visitors in our great state,” the letter reads.

“HB 112 and HB 113, supported by anti-equality legislators, single out young members of our thriving communities simply for who they are and are deeply damaging to our state. HB 112—based on unfounded claims and fears surrounding youth participation in sports—seeks to ban transgender youth from participating in sports.

“Team sports teach all children valuable life skills, including teamwork, leadership, and self-confidence. We should not deprive transgender youth of the opportunity to develop these skills. HB 113 singles out young transgender members of our thriving communities in being able to access medically necessary care and fines healthcare providers for giving the standard of care.”

The signatories also make clear their belief that the passage of the legislation would negatively affect business, commerce, and the recruitment of medical professionals in Montana. “The safety, security, and well-being of LGBTQ Montanans directly impacts the growth and prosperity of our business, the productivity and retention of our employees, and the economic development of our state,” they write.

Elsewhere in the U.S., in Alabama, HB1—the “Alabama Vulnerable Child Compassion and Protection Act”—would outlaw therapy for trans minors, and allow for schools to invade their privacy to divulge information about them to their parents.

The administration of puberty blockers, say the drafters of the legislation, “constitutes dangerous and uncontrolled human medical experimentation that may result in grave and irreversible consequences to their physical and mental health.” According to the bill’s proponents, puberty blockers foreclose “the possibility of a natural recovery from this condition”—characterizing being trans as some kind of illness.

Also in Alabama, SB10 would outlaw the provision of puberty blockers to trans teens. Senate Bill 224 in Indiana seeks to broadly do the same.

Guidelines published by the Endocrine Society, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the World Professional Association for Transgender Health state that trans teens should be offered medications, like blockers.

Adolescents who wanted and received puberty blockers were 60 percent less likely to have considered suicide within the past year and 30 percent less likely to consider suicide throughout life, according to findings published in the February 2020 issue of Pediatrics. A second study of young Canadian trans people—published in September also by Pediatricsechoed the February study findings.

Young people who received gender-affirming care, “namely, hormone blockers and/or gender-affirming hormones, experience a decrease in emotional and behavioral problems and an improvement in overall psychological functioning,” the Canadian-based study found.

In Texas, HB 68 proposes that a medical professional supplying puberty blockers, or affirming trans kids, is guilty of “child abuse.” In Missouri, HB 33 would prohibit transition care for trans teenagers under the age of 18. In Utah, HB92 would prohibit “a physician or surgeon from performing a transgender procedure on a minor.”

In Mississippi, the so-called “Transgender 21 Act” (Senate Bill No. 2171) would prohibit transition-related care until a person is 21. Parents of trans teens in the state “have an absolute right to control all aspects of the child’s care,” the proposed legislation reads. Trans teens’ privacy could be legally intruded upon “by schools and other institutions.”

In Tennessee, HB 3 would constitute an absolute ban on trans kids taking part in athletics. A child’s gender, say the drafters of that bill, is their “sex at the time of the student’s birth, as indicated on the student’s original birth certificate.”

In Oklahoma, the “Save Women’s Sports Act,” in relation to athletics teams, sees a student’s gender identity as “defined by biological sex,” which is also echoed in South Carolina’s H. 3477 bill, which lays out in emphatic upper case: “PUBLIC AND PRIVATE MIDDLE SCHOOL-LEVEL AND HIGH SCHOOL-LEVEL TEAMS AND SPORTS MUST BE DESIGNATED BASED ON BIOLOGICAL SEX… TEAMS OR SPORTS DESIGNATED FOR FEMALES MAY BE RESTRICTED TO STUDENTS OF THE FEMALE SEX…”

In North Dakota, the proposed bill HB1298 decrees the same, effectively barring young trans athletes from competition. The Grand Forks Herald reported, “The bill would outlaw any state-owned athletic facility from hosting a competition in which an athlete competes against anyone outside of the gender they were assigned at birth.”

Its lead sponsor, Rep. Ben Koppelman, told the Grand Forks Herald that the legislation “has nothing to do with transgender athletes… I kind of dismiss the idea that it should be about trans, because it’s not about trans—it’s about fair competition… What it’s based on is science that says, ‘Here are the physiological differences between people when they are born.’ And these are irreversible things.”

Make no mistake: these bills target and attack trans youth and will cause them serious and lasting harm

Caitlin Borgmann

In New Hampshire, HB 198 would see high school and postsecondary athletic teams and sports designated for females, women, or girls “based upon biological birth.” Those sports “shall not be open to students of biological male birth gender. Single sex athletics is rooted in the reality of biological differences between the sexes and is rooted in objective biological fact and fairness.” Meanwhile, New Hampshire’s HB 68 defines healthcare for young trans people as “child abuse.”

“Make no mistake: these bills target and attack trans youth and will cause them serious and lasting harm,” Caitlin Borgmann, executive director of the ACLU of Montana, said of the proposed bills in that state. “We cannot let fearmongering and lies about what it means to be transgender result in laws that would stigmatize trans youth, harm families and communities, and drive businesses away from Montana. Trans youth deserve respect and dignity for everything they are. These anti-trans bills are not welcome in Montana.”

Miha, who oversees public education for Transvisible Montana (and who declined to give a surname), said they were not surprised by the bills and hoped they would fail. “We’re used to being bullied by legislators. We’re just doing the best we can to make connections with our community, and keep them informed so they can talk to their representatives. I think our opposition has seen this legislation work in other places like our neighbor Idaho, so they’re thinking, ‘Let’s try it here.’

“They also know that people get afraid of what will happen to children, so they come up with these hyped-up bills playing on those fears, without knowing all the information, and without thinking about their fellow citizens, who include transgender, non-binary, and two-spirit people.”

Chase Strangio, deputy director for transgender justice at the American Civil Liberties Union’s LGBT & HIV Project, told The Daily Beast the various bills’ presence was part of a coordinated attempt to undermine trans rights by right-wing activist and judicial organizations including the Alliance Defending Freedom (ADF), which has been designated by the Southern Poverty Law Center as an anti-LGBTQ hate group.

“In 2016, the bills were all about bathroom access. What we’re seeing is a shift in target—from the restroom to the playing field and healthcare provider,” Strangio said, adding the bills could be a backlash against last year’s totemic “Bostock” Supreme Court ruling that Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act does protect LGBTQ people from discrimination.

We’re talking about cutting young people off from the healthcare they are relying on or they’ve been anticipating…

Chase Strangio

“If these were to pass, my whole body tenses up in terms of the drastic physical and emotional harm that would result instantaneously,” Strangio said. “We’re talking about cutting young people off from the healthcare they are relying on or they’ve been anticipating, forcing kids into experiencing catastrophic dysphoria, and undoing the treatment people have been receiving. We know from studies not having access to care in the first instance is catastrophic. We don’t know yet the devastating consequences of actually withdrawing care, because that would be so far outside the scope of any medical protocol. Kids are going to die, and probably quickly.

“I am not being hyperbolic. Essentially, what these bills do is make it a crime to be trans and under 18—or under 21 in some cases. If these bills pass, the very real questions become, how do people survive, how do we keep people alive, how do we support people, and how do we fight back?”

The ACLU, said Strangio, would work to stop the bills going into effect, especially after a recent British high court ruling—as reported in The Daily Beast—resulted in trans kids having their care abruptly withdrawn.

“As ever, people with the means and resources will find a way, while those who will suffer most will be poor and without access to healthcare, and they are going to be in a serious situation,” Strangio said.

The new bills follow Idaho’s federal court blocking an effort to prevent transgender people born in the state from changing the gender marker on their birth certificates to match their gender identity.

A federal judge in the state also blocked the enactment of another law, HB 500, which would have banned transgender students who identify as female from playing on female teams sponsored by public schools, colleges, and universities. (The ban does not apply to men’s teams.) The legal battle over reaffirming or striking down the Idaho athletics ban continues.

HB 500 and the other anti-trans sports bills in legislatures fly in the face of the current National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)’s inclusive policies. Billie Jean King and Megan Rapinoe were among 200 elite female athletes who signed an amicus brief against HB 500, writing, “This bill flies in the face of bedrock principles of equality and diversity in sports.”

NBC News reported earlier this month on a British Journal of Sports Medicine study which showed that trans female athletes maintained an athletic edge over cisgender competitors after a year of hormone therapy.

However, some of the methodology behind the research has been questioned, and its lead author, Dr. Timothy Roberts, made clear to NBC News that he did not support those who cited the research to argue that trans women be excluded from playing sports.

For one, Roberts’ research focuses on adults, rather than the teen athletes who are the focus of the current wave of anti-trans bills. A transgender woman who transitions before or at puberty “doesn’t really have any advantage” when it comes to athletic performance, Roberts told NBC News. “So that young lady should be allowed to compete with all the other people who are born women.”

I’m optimistic. We are encouraging folks to get in touch with their representatives to vote ‘no’ on the two bills.

Andy Nelson

Andy Nelson, operations administrator at The Center, Western Montana’s LGBTQ+ Community Center, told The Daily Beast, “It’s a disheartening feeling for sure, seeing these two bills. They’re very detrimental. When the Montana legislature meets, these kinds of bills tend to be brought up by Republican legislators. Typically they get shut down, but this time all branches of the state government are Republican-controlled, and so it feels a little more pressing. But I’m optimistic. We are encouraging folks to get in touch with their representatives to vote ‘no’ on the two bills.”

The proposed sports bills also undermine trans teens’ medical care, said Strangio. “If you have to participate according to the sex assigned to you at birth, or be excluded from critical parts of education peers have access to, that’s incredibly stigmatizing. It undermines people’s sense of inclusion.”

The conversations to date about trans participation in sports—around safety, and perceived advantage—“have been so mean-spirited they have led to trans people not wanting to take part in sports,” said Strangio, with trans kids unable to access “the benefits that flowed from taking part in youth sports.”

“It’s emotionally devastating for young trans people who have found joy and connection in athletics to have that taken away, and it undermines medical protocols to treat trans youth,” Strangio said. “Treat them as who they are, consistent with their gender identity—and that means in all aspects of their lives. You can’t be a boy 60 percent of the day, then have the state try to force you to be a girl on the soccer field. That just doesn’t work.”

There was “no evidence” that trans people so dominate in athletics as to present any kind of threat, said Strangio—and trans athletes featured as many variations in their strength and speed as cisgender athletes.

Strangio mentioned the headline-making example of trans wrestler Mack Beggs, who was forced to compete against girls because of Texas athletic rules, when all he wanted to do was to “be allowed to compete against other boys.”

“There are shifting justifications for these sorts of rules and laws,” said Strangio. “But they are not about protecting anyone. They are about hurting trans people. I think there is a serious risk of these laws passing in many states. We and other groups will fight with everything we have to support trans people to stop them from passing. The introduction of the bills is harmful enough. The passage of the bills is absolutely devastating.”

The community response is very much ‘We respect you, we value you, and you should have your rights.’ These two bills are just upper-level bullying.

Miha, Transvisible Montana

Transvisible Montana’s Miha is hopeful that the state’s bills will fail, because of the success LGBTQ campaigners had had to date in campaigning for anti-discrimination ordinances in different Montana cities. “The community response is very much ‘We respect you, we value you, and you should have your rights.’ These two bills are just upper-level bullying. I am concerned, but remain hopeful that the better in people shines through, or that the folks behind the bills realize they’re wrong and have a turnaround on it.”

Strangio takes some hope from the imminence of a Biden administration, and Democrat control in the House and Senate. “They will hopefully not allow for discrimination against trans people in education. All these states are going to risk their federal funding if they treat trans people in these ways, and there will be blood on their hands if they systematically cut off healthcare for trans people. I hope they come to their senses before it’s too late.”

As well as the significance of the “Bostock” ruling, a Democrat-controlled Senate may also pass the Equality Act, enshrining LGBTQ protections in federal law. Strangio also hopes the Biden administration enforces the anti-discrimination protections under Title IX with regard to trans students, as the Obama administration had done—and as the Trump administration, under Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, had sought to undermine.

Andy Nelson told The Daily Beast he had lived all his life in Montana. “My feeling about the state is that it has a general ‘live and let live’ feeling. We don’t see a lot of the strong hatefulness you see in other parts of the country. Some people, especially those with religious views, may not agree with LGBTQ people, but they also think LGBTQ people should just be let be.

“The folks who bring these kinds of bills up tend to come from rural parts of the state. They are ignorant of the LGBTQ community, and may not have met a trans person—or may have done but not realized it. They are jumping on the anti-trans bandwagon, having seen what our neighbor Idaho did with its anti-trans bill.”

We are in the middle of a pandemic. Shouldn’t states be focusing on other things rather than harming people and pursuing discriminatory policies, especially when they affect kids?

Chase Strangio

“I can’t say how misguided and dangerous these proposed laws are,” said Strangio. “If the states disrupt the ability of doctors to administer care during a pandemic, they are going to have a hard time recruiting medical professionals in their state when they need them most. Undermining their ethical and professional obligations is not a good message to send to those wanting to practice medicine in those states.

“Also, we are in the middle of a pandemic. Shouldn’t states be focusing on other things rather than harming people and pursuing discriminatory policies, especially when they affect kids? The idea at this time that these states want to mistreat young trans people is something completely outside the bounds of anything I could have imagined, and is a sad commentary on our entire country.”

“There are so many studies out there that show—and we know as people living this experience—that our access to healthcare is life-saving,” said Miha from Transvisible Montana. “We are a really great, strong community of people who no matter what happens will support each other, find ways to uplift each other, and get the care that we need.”


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Author: Tim Teeman