Tag Archives: drone

Chinese drone firm DJI builds team to work on self-driving tech: job posts, sources

By Yilei Sun and David Kirton

BEIJING/SHENZHEN, China (Reuters) – China’s SZ DJI Technology Co, the world’s largest drone maker, is building an engineering team to work on self-driving technologies, according to job posts and people familiar with the company’s strategy.

The Shenzhen-based company is hiring engineers for auto electronics, autonomous driving, and in-car software, job posts on its website show.

Three people said DJI plans to sell driver-assist technology such as lidar sensors, a key component in self-driving cars, and packaged solutions for autonomous driving functions.

All sources spoke on condition of anonymity as the details are not public yet.

DJI said it had no new announcements at the moment.

DJI has been developing lidar technology and cameras for years, two of the sources added.

In 2020, Livox, a startup with links to DJI, displayed two lidar sensors for autonomous vehicles at a Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.

Chinese electric vehicle maker Xpeng Inc has said it would use Livox’s lidar technology for self-driving functions.

DJI’s move comes as several hardware and software tech firms are racing to tap into the auto industry’s autonomous future.

Huawei Technologies, which makes communications machines and smartphones, has launched a car business unit and is developing sensors. Baidu, which has been working on autonomous driving and smart car technologies, has partnered with Geely to make its own cars.

DJI dominates the global small drone business with a 69% market share, according to consultancy DroneAnalyst. Research firm Frost & Sullivan estimated the market would be worth $8.4 billion last year.

In December, the company was added to the U.S. Commerce Department’s entity list, allegedly over its technology being used to facilitate human rights abuses in China.

(Reporting by Yilei Sun and David Kirton, additional reporting by Jane Lee; Editing by Himani Sarkar)


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Un drone réalise une vidéo de tigres unique en son genre

Un tigre en hiver


©
CC0 / Pixel-mixer

Des images rares ont été prises par un drone: une dizaine de félins semblent se reposer sous un arbre dans le parc des tigres de Sibérie, en Chine. Une vidéo d’autant plus rare que les tigres vivent en solitaire et ne se rassemblent pratiquement pas.

Une vidéo inhabituelle circule sur les réseaux sociaux, celle de tigres prise à l’aide d’un drone dans le parc des tigres de Sibérie de Harbin, en Chine. Sur les images, plusieurs félins se sont regroupés sous un arbre pour se prélasser tranquillement au soleil.

Également appelé tigre de l’Amour, ce carnassier habite dans les régions extrême-orientales de la Russie, ainsi que dans le nord-est de la Chine. Il est considéré comme une espèce en voie de disparition.

Le tigre de Sibérie

Ce félin est le plus grand de tous les tigres. Dans les années 1940, seuls 40 individus subsistaient à l’état sauvage, mais grâce aux efforts de conservation, la population a augmenté pour atteindre environ 450 individus, indique le WWF.

Pourtant, l’animal est toujours menacé, avant tout par le braconnage, qui répond à une forte demande de parties du corps du tigre sur le marché noir. Selon les experts, ces braconniers sont lourdement armés et bien organisés au sein d’un réseau international.

En outre, le territoire d’habitat du tigre de Sibérie continue de diminuer à cause de «la coupe illégale du bois, la conversion de zones boisées en terres agricoles, la construction de routes, les feux de forêt», précise l’organisation.


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How to spot fake shopping sites and avoid being scammed

NEW YORK (AP) — Ben Black bought what he thought was a well-priced drone online. But the drone never showed up, the site stopped responding to his emails and he never got his $100 back.

He was scammed.

“I’m pissed I got caught in it,” says Black, who lives in Westminster, Colorado.

Online shopping scams, like the one Black fell for, are on the rise as thieves take advantage of the surge of people flocking to the internet during the pandemic. They do it by creating slick-looking websites pretending to sell gadgets, toys, cleaning supplies and anything else in high demand. To lure you onto the sites, scammers pay for ads on Facebook, Google and other websites.

The U.S. Federal Trade Commission says it received a record number of reports from people losing money to online shopping scams in April and May, mostly from people being tricked into paying for face masks, disinfectant wipes and other pandemic-related supplies that never arrived. So far this year, the FTC has received more than 37,000 reports of online shopping fraud, amounting to $27 million in losses. The number has been increasing every year since 2015, amounting to a $420 million in losses.

The best way to not get scammed is to be aware of the tactics and know what to look for. Here’s some tips:

RESEARCH THE SITE

If you’re on a website you’ve never used before, do an online search of the company’s name along with the words “scam” or “review.” Check the site’s social media pages for any complaints from customers. And try the Better Business Bureau’s Scam Tracker, which lets you search company names and read any complaints. Another thing you should do: Read the site’s “About Us” page. Misspellings or sentences that don’t make sense are red flags.

BE WARY OF ONLINE ADS

Place extra scrutiny on sites you find through social media ads, which are a common way to lure people in. Sometimes the ads are based on products you’ve been searching for online. For example, if you’ve been looking for a certain toy, scammers can buy ads to get their site on your Facebook timeline with a picture of the toy you’ve been wanting to buy.

BE SUSPICIOUS OF HARD-TO-FIND PRODUCTS

Another way shoppers get tricked is by sites that falsely say they have products in stock that are sold out almost everywhere else. Last month, for example, the FTC moved to shutdown 25 sites that tricked people into paying for Clorox and Lysol wipes, only to never receive them. Scammers do the same during the holidays, saying that they have hard-to-find video game consoles or toys.

DON’T FALL FOR PRICE

If the price is too good to be true, it probably is, says Better Business Bureau spokeswoman Katherine Hutt. Scammers offer lower prices on hot products knowing that shoppers will find them hard to resist.

IF YOU ARE SCAMMED…

Call your credit card company to dispute the charges and try to get a refund. You can also report the site on the Better Business Bureau and FTC websites, which could help others from being scammed.


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Police Drones Are Starting to Think for Themselves

Capt. Don Redmond, left, and Sgt. James Horst with a drone used for police operations, in Chula Vista, Calif., on Nov. 11, 2020. (John Francis Peters/The New York Times)
Capt. Don Redmond, left, and Sgt. James Horst with a drone used for police operations, in Chula Vista, Calif., on Nov. 11, 2020. (John Francis Peters/The New York Times)

CHULA VISTA, Calif. — When the Chula Vista police receive a 911 call, they can dispatch a flying drone with the press of button.

On a recent afternoon, from a launchpad on the roof of the Chula Vista Police Department, they sent a drone across the city to a crowded parking lot where a young man was asleep in the front seat of a stolen car with drug paraphernalia on his lap.

When the man left the car, carrying a gun and a bag of heroin, a nearby police car had trouble following as he sprinted across the street and ducked behind a wall. But as he threw the gun into a dumpster and hid the bag of heroin, the drone, hovering above him, caught everything on camera. When he slipped through the back door of a strip mall, exited through the front door and ran down the sidewalk, it caught that, too.

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Watching the live video feed, an officer back at headquarters relayed the details to the police on the scene, who soon caught the man and took him into custody. Later, they retrieved the gun and the heroin. And after another press of the button, the drone returned, on its own, to the roof.

Each day, the Chula Vista police respond to as many as 15 emergency calls with a drone, launching more than 4,100 flights since the program began two years ago. Chula Vista, a Southern California city with a population of 270,000, is the first in the country to adopt such a program, called Drone as First Responder.

Over the last several months, three other cities — two in California and one in Georgia — have followed suit. Police agencies from Hawaii to New York have used drones for years, but mostly in simple, manually flown ways. Officers would carry a drone in the trunk of a car on patrol or drive it to a crime scene before launching it over a park or flying it inside a building.

But the latest drone technology — mirroring technology that powers self-driving cars — has the power to transform everyday policing, just as it can transform package delivery, building inspections and military reconnaissance. Rather than spending tens of millions of dollars on large helicopters and pilots, even small police forces could operate tiny autonomous drones for a relative pittance.

That newfound automation, however, raises civil liberties concerns, especially as drones gain the power to track vehicles and people automatically. As the police use more drones, they could collect and store more video of life in the city, which could remove any expectation of privacy once you leave the home.

“Communities should ask hard questions about these programs. As the power and scope of this technology expands, so does the need for privacy protection,” said Jay Stanley, a senior policy analyst with the American Civil Liberties Union’s Project on Speech, Privacy and Technology. “Drones can be used to investigate known crimes. But they are also sensors that can generate offenses.”

With the pandemic still worsening, drones are a way of policing at a distance, said Rahul Sidhu, an officer in Redondo Beach, near Los Angeles, which started a program similar to the one in Chula Vista just after the virus reached the United States.

“We’re just trying to limit our exposure to other people,” he said. “Sometimes, you can send a drone without sending an officer.”

But down the road, he said, as these small unmanned helicopters become cheaper and more powerful, they will provide more efficient ways of policing urban areas. That could aid police departments at a time when the number of recruits is on the wane across the country and many voices are calling for funding cuts after months of protests against police violence.

In Chula Vista, drones are already an integral part of the way the police respond to emergencies. After an emergency call comes in, officers give the drone a location, and it flies to that point on its own — before returning on its own, too.

The department’s drones can cover about one-third of the city from two launch sites, responding to roughly 70% of all emergency calls. After asking the Federal Aviation Administration to approve a third launch site, the local police hope to cover the entire city, about 52 square miles between San Diego and the Mexican border.

Government regulations require that a certified pilot remain on the roof of the Police Department, overseeing the launch and, together with a police officer at a command station inside the building, handling most of the flying once the drone reaches its destination.

FAA regulations aimed at protecting the flights of commercial planes and other aircraft prevent drones from being flown beyond the line of sight of their operators. But Chula Vista obtained a waiver from the FAA, so the pilot and officer can fly the drone as much as 3 miles from its launch site.

Each drone — including long-distance cameras, other sensors and software — costs the department about $35,000. But the overriding cost of the program lies in the many officers needed to operate the drones.

On another recent afternoon, when the Chula Vista police were alerted to a car turned upside down in an empty riverbed, they sent a new kind of drone into the ravine. Built by Skydio, a Silicon Valley company, it could avoid obstacles on its own thanks to many of the same technologies used by self-driving cars.

“An ordinary drone would have crashed by now, guaranteed,” Sgt. James Horst said as he watched a video of the drone swooping down into the riverbed and inspecting the inside of the car at close quarters.

Later, in the courtyard outside the Police Department, he showed how, with another press of the button, he could instruct an automated drone to follow a particular person or vehicle on its own. Skydio has long offered a consumer drone that can follow you from place to place, even as you weave between obstacles, like trees in a forest. Now the company, which recently hired Fritz Reber, the former head of the Chula Vista police drone program, is selling to the police and other businesses.

Shield AI, a startup in San Diego that has worked with police departments, has developed a drone that can fly into a building and inspect the length and breadth of the premises on its own, with no pilot, in the dark as well as in daylight. Others, including Skydio and DJI, a company in China that makes the drones launched from the roof of the Chula Vista Police Department, are building similar technology.

The Chula Vista department treats drone video much as it does video from police bodycams, storing footage as evidence and publicly releasing it only with approval, Capt. Don Redmond said. The department does not use drones for routine patrols.

For privacy advocates like Stanley of the ACLU, the concern is that increasingly powerful technology will be used to target parts of the community — or strictly enforce laws that are out of step with social norms.

“It could allow law enforcement to enforce any area of the law against anyone they want,” Stanley said.

Drones, for instance, could easily be used to identify people and restrict activity during protests like those that have been so prevalent across the country in recent months. Redmond said the Chula Vista department did not deploy drones over Black Lives Matters protests because its policies forbade it.

The Chula Vista police do not require the approval of city officials to expand drone use, but, according to Redmond, they have publicly notified the community about the continued progress of the program.

Drone as first responder programs in places like Redondo Beach and Clovis, California, are seeking waivers that would allow them to fly beyond the operators’ line of sight.

In Clovis, near the middle of the state, the Police Department has found that its drones tend to overheat at the height of summer. “We were flying them four days a week until it got too hot,” Lt. James Munro said. “Then we had to ground them.”

But he thinks these and other technical obstacles will soon be overcome. “Drones are like iPhones,” he said. “As soon as you get one, a new one arrives with new technology.”

This article originally appeared in The New York Times.

© 2020 The New York Times Company


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5 أشياء يجب الانتباه إليها قبل استخدام أي طائرة بدون طيار | البوابة العربية للأخبار التقنية

يعد امتلاك (طائرة بدون طيار) Drone أمر مثير للغاية، حيث تتيح لك تسجيل الفيديو أو التصوير الفوتوغرافي في  أماكن لا تتمكن من الوصول إليها عادة، ولكن تعتبر مسألة أخذ الاحتياطات المناسبة قبل استخدامها أمر بالغ الأهمية، حيث هناك العديد من الأشياء التي يجب الانتباه إليها.

إليك 5 أشياء مهمة يجب الانتباه إليها قبل استخدام أي طائرة بدون طيار:

1- ابحث عن أفضل الطرز:

قبل اتخاذ قرار شراء طائرة بدون طيار يجب عليك البحث جيدًا عن الطراز المناسب لاستخدامك، حيث يوجد في السوق الآن الآلاف من الطرز التي تعدك بتجربة رائعة، لذا إذا كنت تسافر كثيرًا وتريد أن تكون قادرًا على التحرك بسهولة، ففكر في شراء طراز خفيف الوزن وصغير الحجم.

كما تعتبر الطائرات التي يمكن طيها من أفضل الخيارات، لذا يجب عليك البحث جيدًا واستكشاف المواصفات التي تُناسب استخدامك، كما يمكنك إجراء التعديلات الخاصة بك، من خلال إزالة المكونات التي لا تحتاج إليها، مثل: واقيات الحماية التي تضيف وزنًا غير ضروري.

2- عمر البطارية:

يعتبر عمر البطارية عامل مهم جدًا في تجربة استخدامك للطائرة، ومن الأشياء المهمة التي يجب عليك الانتباه إليها جيدًا عند اختيار الطراز المناسب لك، وبشكل عام يعتبر الطائرة بدون طيار التي توفر عمر بطارية يتراوح ما بين 10 إلى 20 دقيقة كحد أقصى مناسبة جدًا خاصة عند استخدامها في التقاط الصور وتسجيل مقاطع الفيديو.

3- تحقق من حالة الطقس قبل الطيران:

يمكن للظروف الجوية المفاجئة أن تقدم لك تجربة استخدام سيئة للغاية، لذا قبل البدء باستخدام الطائرة تحقق جيدًا من حالة الظروف الجوية في منطقتك، حيث يمكنك الاستعانة بتطبيق Hover الذي يتيح لك الوصول إلى جميع المعلومات التي تحتاجها لاستخدام الطائرة في موقعك الحالي، حيت يُظهر لك حركة النقل الجوي القريبة، والظروف الجوية الحالية والمتوقعة، ويخبرك هل من الآمن الطيران في موقعك الحالي أم لا.

بالإضافة إلى إظهار بيانات الطقس بالتصفيل ابتداءً من درجة الحرارة وسرعة الرياح واتجاهها وانتهاءً بتوقع سقوط أمطار، ويدعم أيضًا ميزة (سجل الطيران) التي تمكنك من حفظ بيانات رحلتك وتتبعها.

التطبيق متاح مجانًا لمستخدمي أجهزة أندرويد في جوجل بلاي، ولمستخدمي أجهزة آيفون وآيباد في آب ستور.

4- قم بتثقيف نفسك في هذا المجال:

قبل استخدام أي طائرة بدون طيار يجب عليك القراءة جيدًا والإلمام بالمعلومات الأساسية، مثل: كيفية التخطيط للتحليق ومعرفة قواعد استخدام هذه الطائرات في منطقتك، والأماكن المرخصة بالتحليق عبرها، والمؤسسات غير المسموح الاقتراب منها وكيفية الطيران بأمان حول الأشخاص والمركبات والمجالات الجوية الحساسة، وبهذه الطريقة لن تنتهك القوانين المحلية.

5- قد تحتاج إلى رخصة لاستخدام طائرة بدون طيار:

يجب عليك التأكد من أن لديك كل الوثائق الرسمية التي تتيح لك تشغيل طائرة بدون طيار في البلد الذي توجد فيه، حيث إن بعض الدول لديها قواعد خاصة قد تصل إلى ضرورة الحصول على ترخيص رسمي للطيران لمالكي هذه الطائرات.


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Author: Mudather

Iran under intense pressure over how to respond to top scientist’s brazen killing

The U.S. drone missile punched through the car of Iranian Maj. Gen. Qassem Suleimani, instantly killing the 62-year-old Iranian spymaster and national hero as he drove through the streets of Baghdad last January.

Days later, Iranian leaders who swore “severe revenge” lobbed ballistic missiles at a U.S. base in Iraq, leaving scores of American servicemen and contractors with traumatic brain injuries. Iran also mobilized its irregular forces, including Iran-supported militias in Iraq, which regularly fired rockets at the U.S. Embassy and bases with American troop presence.

Now, Iran finds itself the target of another attack, this time the broad-daylight assassination on Friday of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh-Mahabadi, one of Iran’s top nuclear scientists.

The killing, by what many believed was a U.S.-sanctioned Israeli hit team, has ratcheted up the pressure on Iran’s leaders for vengeance again.

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But a similar response, analysts say, could result in a precarious situation at a time when Iran is eagerly counting the days to the inauguration of U.S. President-elect Joe Biden, who may well be amenable to bringing the U.S. back into the international nuclear treaty with Iran that President Trump pulled out of while imposing tough new economic sanctions.

Reacting lethally to the killing, said Elie Geranmayeh, an Iran expert and deputy head of the Middle East and North Africa program at the European Council for Foreign Relations, could box Biden in as he takes office — or even result in a military conflagration in the waning days of Trump’s tenure.

“The Iranians are aware that there are mines set for them,” Geranmayeh said, referring to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the landmark 2015 nuclear deal that President Trump left in 2018. “This is exactly the playbook that proponents of maximum pressure have been trying to advocate: that there need to be moves that make it much more difficult for Biden to reenter the deal and for Iran to engage the U.S. in diplomacy.”

As a result, the government of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani must balance internal voices demanding vengeance even as it hopes to weather the seven weeks until Biden is sworn in.

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On Friday afternoon, as Iranians were enjoying the first day of their weekend amid coronavirus restrictions, Fakhrizadeh was in a car heading down a highway near the resort town of Absad, some 35 miles east of Tehran. There, a car loaded with explosives blew up, and gunmen descended on Farkhizadeh, cutting him down along with members of his security detail.

In its brazenness, the killing echoed other car bombings and motorcycle assassinations targeting Iran’s nuclear scientists. All have been part of a decade-long effort by Israel and the U.S. to hinder Tehran’s nuclear ambitions, analysts say.

Fakhrizadeh’s assassination followed a series of mysterious explosions at Iran’s Natanz nuclear facility in July (authorities blamed sabotage; they have yet to reveal who they believe was behind it) as well as the operation targeting Suleimani while he was abroad.

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A U.S. return to the nuclear accord — and the sanctions relief it may bring — is a priority for Iran. Over the last four years, sanctions have cratered its currency, cut off its economy from world markets and left its 82 million people facing poverty.

Retired Navy Adm. William McRaven, in an interview Sunday on ABC’s “This Week,” urged everyone involved to “kind of lower the temperature.”

“The Iranians don’t want war with us. We don’t want to go to war with Iran,” said McRaven, who as head of U.S. special operations forces oversaw the 2011 raid that killed Osama Bin Laden.

But, he said, “the Iranians are going to be in a position where they have to retaliate — I don’t see any way around it.”

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So far, Iran’s leadership appears to have chosen the path of restraint.

In a televised Cabinet meeting Saturday, Rouhani said Iran would “respond to this crime at the proper time.”

“But the Iranian nation is wiser and smarter than to fall in the trap of the Zionists,” he said, in reference to Israel.

Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said in an English-language Twitter post that “all relevant administrators must seriously place two crucial matters on their agenda: first to investigate this crime and firmly prosecute its perpetrators and its commanders, second to continue the martyr’s scientific and technological efforts in all the sectors where he was active.”

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Meanwhile, the country’s parliament passed a motion that would require Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization to produce and store at least 264 pounds of uranium with 20% purity. If ratified, it would be another step in the methodical breaches of the nuclear deal that Tehran has pursued since Trump pulled out of the treaty.

Still, there have been voices advocating a more forceful response, said Dina Esfandiary, a fellow at the Century Foundation, a nonpartisan think tank.

“The Rouhani administration understands there’s value in not escalating, in appearing strong but appearing reasonable,” she said.

“But there are pressures from hard-liners as well as moderates, who are fed up and saying, ‘Why are we just taking this? Why are we the ones respecting international norms when nobody else is?’”

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And politically, there are factions within Iran that want to scuttle the reentry into the nuclear deal, said Ariane Tabatabai, a Middle East fellow at the policy organization the German Marshall Fund — if only to stop Rouhani claiming any achievement before presidential elections in June.

“If the U.S. rejoins the JCPOA and economic relief starts to come in, then Rouhani can leave office with some sort of accomplishment,” Tabatabai said. “If they deny him this win, hardliners have an easier and clearer path to victory.”

The assassination was a humiliation for Iran’s security apparatus. After all, Fakhrizadeh — like Suleimani — was an officer in the country’s elite Republican Guards, and was presumably under their protection.

He had proved to be an elusive figure since a spate of assassinations between 2010 and 2012 struck four of his colleagues. (He survived an assassination attempt in 2008.)

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Iranian authorities reportedly beefed up security around him and refused to make him available to the International Atomic Energy Agency. Despite those measures, he was killed, tweeted Maj. Gen. Mohammad Bagheri, chief of staff of Iran’s armed forces, in what constituted “a bitter and heavy blow to the country’s defense system.”

That blow could usher in new urgency to procure a nuclear weapon, said Tabatabai.

“It shows that at the end of the day when it comes to its most basic security issues, the regime is not in a spectacular place,” she said. “It’s in the realm of possibility that it may accelerate the program — thus the opposite of what Israel had tried to achieve.”

Internationally, the assassination has spurred condemnation from international officials and calls for restraint.

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“A few weeks before the new U.S. administration takes office, it is important to preserve the scope for talks with Iran so that the dispute over Iran’s nuclear program can be resolved through negotiations,” a spokesman for the German foreign ministry said in a statement. “We therefore urge all parties to refrain from any steps that could lead to a further escalation of the situation.”

It was a sentiment echoed by U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who urged restraint to avoid an escalation of tensions, according to a statement from his spokesman to Reuters on Friday.

In the U.S., John Brennan, who headed the CIA between 2013 and 2017, blasted the assassination in a series of tweets on Friday, saying it was a “criminal act” that constituted a “flagrant violation of international law.”

“Iranian leaders would be wise to wait for the return of responsible American leadership on the global stage and to resist the urge to respond against perceived culprits,” he tweeted.

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Whatever course of action Iran’s leaders choose, there is little doubt Biden will face a difficult situation after inauguration day.

“This is going to complicate President Biden’s … diplomatic efforts,” said McRaven.

Under longstanding political norms, most outgoing presidents do not seek to limit their successor’s maneuvering room, said retired Adm. Mike Mullen, former head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

“You’d like to do all you can to not box in the president — to give any president as many options and as much space as possible,” said Mullen on NBC’s “Meet the Press.” “So, this is obviously the opposite case right now.”

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“A lot of what Rouhani can do,” said Geranmayeh, “depends on how quickly and seriously the Biden administration pivots toward diplomacy with Iran. The ball is in the court of the Biden camp to make the first move on that front.”

Times staff writer Laura King in Washington, D.C., contributed to this story.


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Author: Nabih Bulos

L’Assemblée nationale donne un cadre légal à l’utilisation des drones par les forces de l’ordre

Un officier de la police aux frontières surveille la frontière franco-espagnole à l’aide d’un drone, le 13 novembre.

Son autorisation était présentée par le ministère de l’intérieur comme « essentielle » à la modernisation des opérations de maintien de l’ordre : le texte encadrant l’usage des drones pour faciliter la surveillance des manifestations sur la voie publique a été adopté, samedi 21 novembre, en première lecture de la proposition de loi pour « une sécurité globale » débattue à l’Assemblée nationale.

Lire aussi Quelles sont les principales mesures de la loi de « sécurité globale » examinée à l’Assemblée ?

Votée dans la foulée de l’adoption de l’article 24 du même texte, condamnant la diffusion par le public de photos ou de vidéos dont l’intention est de mettre en danger les policiers et les gendarmes, les dispositions prévues par l’article 22 étendent à l’inverse la capacité des forces de l’ordre à utiliser les images filmées dans l’espace public. Dans le cadre de manifestations, les vidéos tournées par drone ou hélicoptère pourront être diffusées en direct dans la salle de commandement du dispositif de maintien de l’ordre puis conservées – pour une durée de trente jours, prolongée si elles sont utilisées dans le cadre d’une enquête.

Le texte interdit la captation de l’intérieur et des entrées de domicile, comme c’est le cas pour les caméras de vidéosurveillance. La surveillance des zones frontalières, des rodéos urbains, ainsi que de tous les « lieux particulièrement exposés à des risques d’agression, de vol ou de trafic d’armes, d’êtres humains ou de stupéfiants » est aussi prévue par l’article 22, adopté à 87 voix contre 19, dans la nuit de vendredi à samedi.

Pas de « garanties suffisantes pour préserver la vie privée »

Soutenue par le gouvernement, la mesure laisse une grande marge de manœuvre aux préfectures, chargées de constituer un registre des images de drones listant notamment les raisons de leur utilisation et les personnes y ayant accès. Le 5 novembre, le Défenseur des droits s’était inquiété d’une proposition qui ne contenait « en aucun cas de garanties suffisantes pour préserver la vie privée », de nombreux détails de procédures et de cas particuliers étant reportés à la rédaction du décret d’application et de son passage devant le Conseil d’Etat.

Plusieurs parlementaires se sont également inquiétés de l’absence de précision du texte lors du débat à l’Assemblée nationale. « J’ai été surprise que ce sujet ne soit pas plus discuté dans l’opinion publique, a déclaré la députée Paula Forteza, alors que l’usage du drone tel qu’il est décrit dans cet article est beaucoup trop intrusif, beaucoup trop large, pas assez précis. » Les rapporteurs, dont la députée de la Drôme Alice Thourot (LRM), répondant en retour qu’il « est de notre responsabilité [de parlementaires] de s’emparer de ce sujet, un matériel utilisé ne peut pas ne pas être encadré. »

Il vous reste 51.59% de cet article à lire. La suite est réservée aux abonnés.


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L’intérieur d’un réacteur de la centrale de Tchernobyl filmé par un drone – vidéo

Zone d'exclusion de Tchernobyl


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Sputnik . Ivan Rudnev

Plus de 30 ans après la catastrophe, un drone de l’entreprise suisse Flyability s’est introduit dans le réacteur 5 de la centrale nucléaire de Tchernobyl. Une première qui a permis de constater l’absence totale de traces de déchets radioactifs.

Flyability, entreprise suisse fabriquant des drones de sécurité pour l’inspection et l’exploration d’espaces intérieurs, a envoyé un appareil dans l’enceinte de la centrale de Tchernobyl, en Ukraine.

Sa mission: déceler d’éventuels déchets radioactifs dans le réacteur 5 qui était en fin de construction avant la tragédie de la nuit du 26 avril 1986.

La vidéo de cette mission d’exploration a été relayée sur la chaîne YouTube de l’entreprise.

«Une mission stressante»

L’un des responsables de la mission, Charles Rey, a reconnu que l’opération était délicate compte tenu de la hauteur du bâtiment et du fait que l’entrée est à plusieurs dizaines de mètres de hauteur.

«La mission à Tchernobyl était stressante, car le mur que nous devions survoler était haut de 70 mètres, et il n’y avait donc aucun moyen de récupérer le drone si le signal était perdu», expose Charles Rey.

Grâce à cet enregistrement, les équipes de démantèlement ont pu constater que les piscines de refroidissement «étaient bien vides» et l’absence totale de traces de déchets radioactifs.

Catastrophe du 26 avril 1986

Le réacteur numéro 4 de la centrale de Tchernobyl a explosé le 26 avril 1986 contaminant jusqu’aux trois-quarts de l’Europe, selon certaines estimations. Après cette catastrophe, les autorités ont évacué des centaines de milliers de personnes et un vaste territoire de plus de 2.000 kilomètres carrés est resté à l’abandon.

Trois autres réacteurs ont continué de fonctionner après le drame. Le dernier a été arrêté en 2000, marquant la fin de toute activité industrielle à Tchernobyl.


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49ers mailbag: Which running backs, defenders return after bye?

SANTA CLARA — Rather than drone on about the 49ers’ three-game losing streak, fans are fretting over what awaits after this week’s bye and this injury-riddled season. Let’s get to their mailbag questions via my Instagram and Twitter handles:

In the offseason, what areas do the Niners target for upgrades? QB, interior OL, CBs, DE (opposite Bosa), other? What would be the top priority? (@Anthony04315169)

You accurately covered plenty, there. Offensive tackle could become priority No. 1 if Trent Williams walks and Mike McGlinchey wanes. After 20 years, wide receiver is not a top priority (thanks to Brandon Aiyuk and Deebo Samuel) but the need exists for a blazing fast deep threat. Defensively, this regime prioritizes pass rushers over cornerbacks, and that will not change.

Who will be our starting running backs against the Rams? (@niners_forever_4life)

Plural? Heck, they only have one rusher not injured, and that is rookie Austin Walter. Look for Raheem Mostert to start if his ankle and knee look OK in practice after this week’s bye. Otherwise just let Kyle Juszczyk repeatedly run the fullback dive or get more shots than his career-high four carries in their last win.

Is Deebo Samuel going to return? (@santino_ruiz11)

The goal, for him and so many others, is to face the Rams in the 49ers’ SoFi Stadium debut Nov. 29. He’s yet to practice since a hamstring injury sidelined him for this three-game slide.

Can we get an injury update on all the Injured Reserve guys? (@bigev49er)

Yes, that list can be found here. Mostert and cornerback Richard Sherman are most likely to come off IR for next game; Samuel is not on Injured Reserve, nor is K’Waun Williams and Tevin Coleman.

I won’t fire in a question. I’m firing in a statement: Jimmy G will be back in 2021 with the 49ers. (@49ercast))

To repeat my weekly stance: I don’t see them moving off Garoppolo, either. That said, I didn’t see them ditching DeForest Buckner at the contract-extension alter (bad move, still). Garoppolo’s injuries and those of so many other player are reason enough for a 2020 mulligan. On top of that, the quarterback market is bleak. Best move is to keep Garoppolo at his $24 million salary, which is high but market rate for an above-average QB, which he certainly was in 2019. Drafting an heir to the throne is wise, too, so Kyle Shanahan can school him in this complex system.

Do you expect the 49ers to draft a quarterback in the first round, and will they invest in a cornerback this offseason? (@divince)

I only see them drafted a first-round quarterback if they truly despise Garoppolo’s future (I don’t sense that) and if can position themselves for one without mortgaging too many picks. As for cornerback, they have to invest in one, two, three, four and five. None of the current cornerbacks are signed for 2021.

Zach Wilson, future QB? (@amu_villanueva3.0)

Oh joy, just five months left to see and overanalyze this question until draft day. Because Wilson is BYU’s quarterback, 49ers fans assume he is Steve Young 2.0, and one of Wilson’s fans is, sure enough, Young.

A Rush On Coronavirus Testing Strains Laboratories, Drives Supply Shortages

In an aerial view from a drone, cars line up at Dodger Stadium for COVID-19 testing in Los Angeles, California.

David McNew/Getty Images


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David McNew/Getty Images

With the pandemic out of control in the United States, the nation’s precarious coronavirus testing system is starting to strain again.

Long lines are again forming in some places as the surge of infections drives a surge in demand for testing. Testing companies, lab directors and testing policy experts warn that waiting times for results could soon start to lengthen. In fact, one of the largest commercial testing companies Tuesday reported turnaround times had already started creeping up.

“We’re still far behind where we need to be with testing. And as these cases skyrocket, the need for tests are far outpacing what we have,” says Heather Pierce, senior director for science policy and regulatory counsel at the Association of American Medical Colleges.

Testing shortages have hobbled the nation’s ability to fight the pandemic since it began. But testing improved significantly since the spring, when tests were scarce and waiting times were often long. Tests are now accessible at many locations, including doctors’ offices, clinics, fire stations, drive-through test sites, and grocery and drug stores. People can even drop a sample of spit into the mail to find out if they’re infected.

More than 167 million tests have been conducted in the U.S. and more than 1.4 million tests were done daily on average in November, according to data gathered by The Covid Tracking Project. That’s up from just over 800,000 on average per day in September.

But even the current level of testing is far less than what many experts say is needed. And even though people can sometimes get their results within minutes, many still have to wait at least two days or more, which is still too long to make sure they don’t spread the virus to other people. The lack of enough quick testing is probably one of the reasons driving the surge, experts say.

“We have come a long way,” says Mara Aspinall, a professor of biomedical diagnostics at Arizona State University. “But testing is not broadly available everywhere in the country.

Despite the federal government’s continued efforts to ship millions of swabs and vials and other testing supplies to states, half of labs are reporting shortages of test kits and two-thirds are reporting shortages of crucial chemicals and other supplies, such as like plastic tips for devices called pipettes. So labs still scramble every day, lab directors report. And they say the shortages are intensifying, especially for pipette tips and some test kits.

“I feel like we’re moving chairs around on the Titanic. We’re trying to, you know, move things around to make things work and get everything in order. But we’re on this big ship that’s sinking,” says Melissa Miller, who runs the testing lab at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Some labs are now also running short on staff because they’re getting infected and sick themselves.

“A lot of people are out either because they’re being quarantined because of a potential exposure to someone with confirmed COVID or they themselves have COVID-19,” says Dr. Bobbi Pritt, who chairs the clinical microbiology committee for the College of American Pathologists and runs the division of clinical microbiology at the Mayo Clinic. “I would say that’s our biggest concern right now.”

And the testing situation could easily get worse. The flu season hasn’t even hit hard yet, which will strain labs even more. And demand for tests will likely surge more as more people rush to to get tested so they can see family for the holidays.

“If this pandemic continues and and blows off the top of this, I can’t tell you for certain that in a couple of weeks doomsday’s not here for laboratory capacity,” says Bill Whitmar, who runs the state lab in Missouri and serves as president of the Association of Public Health Laboratories.

Trump administration officials say that in addition to rushing supplies to labs, the federal government has been doing everything it can to shore up testing. The government has opened special surge testing sites in at least 10 states and is shipping tens of millions of rapid tests to nursing homes and for use by schools, first responders and others, according to Adm. Brett Giroir, who’s in charge of testing at the Health and Human Services Department.

“We’re aggressively helping states in in any way that we that we can,” Giroir told reporters Monday during a briefing.


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Author: Rob Stein